Design your own court

Building a tennis court is not only expensive but involves a long term investment. So, special care should be taken to select professional who can look into each and every aspects of the construction plan and help to build a successful tennis court. Most importantly, the professional find out the instances that involves problems related to slope, orientation and layout. Without the advice and experience of a professional if you wish to construct a tennis court by your own you may miserably fail to do so. The blog post will help you to focus on those crucial areas of the court construction which only a professional can guide.

The prerequisites of a tennis court construction:

Direction of the court:

Usually North-South direction is ideal. This positioning keep the angle of the sun’s rays  at a minimum especially during the post popular hours of its usage i.e. morning and afternoon. However, many courts, out of necessity get different positions and still can play very well. For that matter, even a East-West court is a perfect court position.

The court area dimension:

The official court area dimension should not be less than 36.57m in length * 18.30m width. However, during any competition  this dimension can be reduced  to not less than 33.50m length *16.40m width. The minimum court area should be 30.48m length *15.2m width.

The play line marking must be in accordance with the industrial standard which should be 23.77m length *10.97m width. The center marl line should be 50mm wide.  The baseline should be between 25mm to 100mm wide. Every measurements should be outside of the lines.

The level area:

An ideal court should be naturally close to the level and should have the right types of solid. Retaining walls and deep concrete piers ideally means you can put a court just anywhere you want it built. With piers and retaining walls, tennis court can be cantilevered out over garages, steep canyons or cut back into hillsides.

Another vital information about where you want to put your court is to know whether the area is FILL or not. Fill means to check that the soils are naturally not there and have been previously placed there. However, if this fill contains vegetation  or the foreign materials , it can  cause problems in the future. Therefore, the fill should be properly compacted when it is placed.

Proper drainage system:
It is essential that water do not drain into the soils beneath your court or else it can cause soils movement and damage the tennis court. So if you have to consider a number of different location for the court, prefer those sites that minimizes the drainage issues. The longitudinal drain should have an internal diameter of 90mm , the header drain should have an internal diameter of 90mm to 100mm and the mitre drain and other trenches should be backfilled  with suitable scoria screenings.


As it is necessary to raise the levels of every parts of the court area, such filled materials should be free from organic materials and need to be placed in layers not exceeding 250mm in depth.  Each layer should be carefully compacted before laying the next layer. The water content of the fill should be increased by adding water as necessary or reduced by aeration in order to achieve the required compaction. When natural soil at the bottom of the sub-base course is stable, base course materials  can be placed on this soil.  With civil engineering techniques , soft clay areas can also be stabilized. Usually, geotextile membranes are considered  for larger areas.

The soil type:

Soil movement beneath a court can extensively damage it. This includes tennis court cracks, upheaval and settlement of the playing surface.Engineers suggests soils that have a minimum capacity for movement, resists variations in moisture levels and can be compacted to correct specifications. Sandy soils and decomposed granite tend to be very stable. It is best to retain the services of a soil engineer when planning to put in a court.

Storage area:

You must have an enclosed storage area for your court. A good court design will include an enclosed and likable storage area to keep sport equipments including ball pick up hopper, sponge roller, ball machine  and other important stuff.

Out of countless court construction designs, the one that always work well  is the 45 degree cut corner  courts. The engineers build the court slab out to the full 90 degree and fence cut at a 45 degree with a gate placed in front of the 45 degree angled fencing. This gate creates the way to storage building that can be accessed only from the court.

Other factors to consider:

Total cost to build the cost
Time factor in building a tennis court
Court colours
Cushioning materials
Net posts and nets

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